The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) Class 12 is the last stage in the school journey. The results of class 12 board exams play a significant role in deciding a student’s future career choices. To stand out in the CBSE Class 12th exams, students should possess basic knowledge regarding all the chapters and topics from each subject for better preparation. Aspirants can score high marks in board exams by planning their studies and mastering the CBSE Class 12th syllabus. Explore marking scheme and subject-wise CBSE Class 12th academic syllabus 2021-22

CBSE Class 12 Scheme of Studies

SubjectsName of the Subjects
CompulsorySubject 1Hindi Elective or Hindi Core or English Elective or English Core
Subject 2Any one Language or Any one Elective
Subject 3
Subject 4
Subject 5
Any three electives or Any three from Combination
Additional Subject OptionalSubject 6Any one elective or Language from any subject group
Subjects of Internal AssessmentSubject 7 to 9 (to be taken by all Regular Candidates)Work Experience 
Health and Physical Education 
General Studies

CBSE Class 12 Syllabus (Main Subjects)

CBSE Class 12 English Syllabus (Core): The CBSE Class 12th English Core syllabus focuses on language skills required for academic study and the workplace.  The syllabus consists of Part-A (Reading Comprehension and Literature) and Part-B (Writing Section and Literature Section).   

  • Reading Comprehension: 20 Marks
  • Literature: 20 Marks
  • Writing Section: 16 Marks
  • Literature Section: 24 Marks
  • Internal Assessment: 20 Marks 
  • Total: 100 Marks 

CBSE Class 12 Mathematics Syllabus: The Board has prepared the CBSE Class 12 Maths syllabus to develop a positive attitude to think, analyze and articulate logically. The syllabus contains topics like Relations and Functions, Inverse Trigonometric Functions, Matrices, Determinants, Continuity and Differentiability, Integrals, Differential Equations, Vectors, etc.

UnitUnit NameMarks
IRelations and Functions8
IIAlgebra10
IIICalculus35
IVVectors and Three-Dimensional Geometry14
VLinear Programming5
VIProbability8
Total80
Internal Assessment20
Grand Total100

CBSE Class 12 Biology Syllabus: The syllabus format allows students to relate the study of biology to real life. It enhances awareness about environmental issues and develops skills to understand the basic principles of biology.

UnitUnit NameMarks
IReproduction14
IIGenetics and Evolution18
IIIBiology and Human Welfare14
IVBiotechnology and its Applications10
VEcology and Environment14
Total70
Practicals30
Grand Total100

CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Syllabus: The Board has updated CBSE 12th Chemistry syllabus considering the new areas like synthetic materials, bio-molecules, natural resources, industrial chemistry, etc. The revised curriculum enables students to study chemistry in academic and professional courses.

UnitUnit NameMarks
I to V
  • Solid State

  • Solutions

  • Electrochemistry

  • Chemical Kinetics

  • Surface Chemistry
  • 23
    VI to IX
  • General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements 

  • p -Block Elements

  • d -and f -Block Elements

  • Coordination Compounds
  • 19
    X to XVI
  • Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

  • Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

  • Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids

  • Amines

  • Biomolecules

  • Polymers

  • Chemistry in Everyday Life
  • 28
    Total70
    Practicals30
    Grand Total100

    CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus: The CBSE has taken utmost care to draft the Class 12th Physics syllabus to provide a firm foundation for further learning in the subject. The 12th physics consists of 12 chapters.

    UnitUnit NameMarks
    Unit I & II
  • Electrostatics

  • Electricity
  • 16
    Unit III & IV
  • Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism 

  • Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents
  • 17
    Unit V & VI
  • Electromagnetic Waves

  • Optics
  • 18
    Unit VII & VIII
  • Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter

  • Atoms and Nuclei
  • 12
    Unit IXElectronic Devices7
    Total70
    Practicals30
    Grand Total100

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