Indian democracy is not just the world’s largest democracy, but also the world’s youngest with 54 percent of its population under the age of 25, and a large chunk of the youngsters have a penchant and acumen for engineering which involves the application of science, mathematics, and technology to innovate, design and develop structures, machines, state-of-the-art technology, software applications and other valuable assets which are in great demand in the industrial as well as consumer market.
It must be noted here that India is a pioneering country that produces over 15 lakh engineers every year. In fact, we as a nation even celebrate engineer’s day on September 15 annually to commemorate the birth anniversary of Bharat Ratna Sir Mokshagundam Vishweshvaraya popularly known as Sir M Visvesvaraya or Sir MV, who has left a mark in the field of engineering through his works. So, it goes without saying that engineering is one of the primary and popular choices among students after crossing the threshold of Class 12 or the Intermediate level, given the career prospects and bright growth trajectory.
Career Options in Engineering Field
Given these facts, engineering happens to be the most sought-after career option, specifically for the present generation. Let us explore some of the best career options in the engineering field which are not just monetarily rewarding but also of great career value.
The demand for civil engineers has increased over the years because of an increase in the urban infrastructure such as skyscrapers, commercial complexes, malls, and others. There is a huge demand for civil engineers in many organisations including the public sector which is financially rewarding too. Several opportunities knock on the doors of a civil engineer. Along with job opportunities, a civil engineer can explore upskilling him/herself to advance in their profession. He/she can pursue post-graduate, master’s, and doctoral courses in IITs and overseas by undertaking Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) and Graduate Record Examinations (GRE).
Computer hardware engineering is another career option that students can explore for its promising future and monetary gains. The scope of hardware engineering, which involves designing, testing, development, and production of computer systems and their related components, has expanded beyond the usual with a thrust in the field of technology and advancement in R&D not limiting to just the design and development of computer, but also to integrate the various devices required for the functioning of the entire business system besides maneuvering into newer fields such as computer vision and robotics, mobile computing, etc.
Marine engineers are skilled individuals involved in the design, construction, and maintenance of vehicles and structures used on or around water. Marine engineering technology and techniques are used to create cruise ships, oil platforms, and harbors. Given this fact, marine engineering has various career avenues like shipping, ship manufacturing, steel industry, power sector, the manufacturing sector, consultancy firm, etc. with a good financial package starting from Rs. 35,000 to above 4 lakhs per month.
Safety engineering is another option that can be explored from a career point of view. Safety engineer is tasked with the role of ensuring the efficient and smooth functioning of machines, which if not maintained can prove to be lethal, hazardous even life-threatening. There’s a high demand for safety engineers in all most all sectors, especially at the big manufacturing plants and factories including all private and public companies where safety standards are strictly maintained.
Environmental engineering is a new-age engineering career option with a promising prospect. The environment has come to assume a pivotal role in today’s work echelons and culture. A majority of the infrastructure and development projects and technological harnessing require environmental assessment and clearance to avoid causing any immediate damage and lasting negative impact on the environment in terms of air quality, soil quality, ozone depletion, wastewater management, the outbreak of diseases, etc. which can be well monitored by environmental engineers.
It is one of the in-demand and growing engineering domains, which students can opt for if they are interested in making a career out of it. Aerospace engineering involves designing, developing, testing, and production of aircraft, spacecraft and related aeronautical equipment’s to be used in airlines, helicopters fighter jets, space shuttles, and other space-related infrastructure including aircraft maintenance or missile management, satellite and space research, etc. Aerospace engineers have bright and promising opportunities in sectors such as aerospace, aviation, and defence which besides being challenging and high-risk are also highly-paid professions.
The world is plagued with unforeseen disasters and pandemics. COVID-19 is just a case in point. Such emergencies and accidents require highly equipped, improvised, and sustainable medical paraphernalia which is designed and developed by biomedical engineers in addressing the clinical problems in collaboration with doctors and researchers. They involve themselves from writing down product documentation, technical reports, user manuals, and research papers to providing safety training to medical, scientific, and engineering staff in creating an effective healthcare system. It too is one of the promising career options in the engineering field which students can explore.
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